❞ كتاب Academic Writing ❝

❞ كتاب Academic Writing ❝

Academic Writing


This book is designed to help you succeed in the writing tasks you may
be given as part of your academic course. The kind of writing that you are
asked to do may be different from the assignments you have done before,
and for some this may be the first time you have had to write long essays
or reports in English.
Your teachers know that English is not your native language and will be
sympathetic to the problems you have in your writing. But at the same
time you will want to learn to write as clearly and accurately as possible,
not only to succeed on your current course but also in preparation for
your career. Almost all large companies and organisations expect their staff
to be able to communicate effectively in written English, as well as orally.
Therefore, during your studies you have the ideal opportunity to learn to
write English well, and this book can help you achieve that goal. Stephen Bailey -
من الكتابة Writing كتب تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية - مكتبة كتب تعلم اللغات.

نُبذة عن الكتاب:
Academic Writing

2011م - 1441هـ
Academic Writing


This book is designed to help you succeed in the writing tasks you may
be given as part of your academic course. The kind of writing that you are
asked to do may be different from the assignments you have done before,
and for some this may be the first time you have had to write long essays
or reports in English.
Your teachers know that English is not your native language and will be
sympathetic to the problems you have in your writing. But at the same
time you will want to learn to write as clearly and accurately as possible,
not only to succeed on your current course but also in preparation for
your career. Almost all large companies and organisations expect their staff
to be able to communicate effectively in written English, as well as orally.
Therefore, during your studies you have the ideal opportunity to learn to
write English well, and this book can help you achieve that goal.
.
المزيد..

تعليقات القرّاء:

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Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language with signs and symbols. For languages that utilize a writing system, inscriptions can complement spoken language by creating a durable version of speech that can be stored for future reference or transmitted across distance. Writing, in other words, is not a language, but a tool used to make languages readable.[1] Within a language system, writing relies on many of the same structures as speech, such as vocabulary, grammar, and semantics, with the added dependency of a system of signs or symbols. The result of the activity of writing is called a text, and the interpreter or activator of this text is called a reader.

H.G. Wells argued that writing has the ability to "put agreements, laws, commandments on record. It made the growth of states larger than the old city states possible. It made a continuous historical consciousness possible. The command of the priest or king and his seal could go far beyond his sight and voice and could survive his death".[3] As human societies emerged, collective motivations for the development of writing were driven by pragmatic exigencies like keeping history, maintaining culture, codifying knowledge through curricula and lists of texts deemed to contain foundational knowledge (e.g., The Canon of Medicine) or artistically exceptional (e.g., a literary canon), organizing and governing societies through the formation of legal systems, census records, contracts, deeds of ownership, taxation, trade agreements, treaties, and so on. For example, around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration in Mesopotamia outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form.[4] In both ancient Egypt and Mesoamerica, on the other hand, writing may have evolved through calendric and political necessities for recording historical and environmental events.

Individual motivations for writing include improvised additional capacity for the limitations of human memory (e.g., to-do lists, recipes, reminders, logbooks, maps, the proper sequence for a complicated task or important ritual), dissemination of ideas (as in an essay, monograph, broadside, petition, or manifesto), imaginative narratives and other forms of storytelling, personal or business correspondence, and lifewriting (e.g., a diary or journal).


Contents
1    Writing systems
1.1    Logographies
1.2    Syllabaries
1.3    Alphabets
1.3.1    Abjads
1.3.2    Abugidas
1.4    Featural scripts
1.5    Historical significance of writing systems
1.6    Tools and materials
2    History
2.1    Mesopotamia
2.2    Egypt
2.3    Elamite scripts
2.3.1    Cretan and Greek scripts
2.4    China
2.5    Indus Valley
2.6    Central Asia
2.7    Phoenician writing system and descendants
2.8    Mesoamerica
2.9    South America
  

 Academic Writing


This book is designed to help you succeed in the writing tasks you may
be given as part of your academic course. The kind of writing that you are
asked to do may be different from the assignments you have done before,
and for some this may be the first time you have had to write long essays
or reports in English.
Your teachers know that English is not your native language and will be
sympathetic to the problems you have in your writing. But at the same
time you will want to learn to write as clearly and accurately as possible,
not only to succeed on your current course but also in preparation for
your career. Almost all large companies and organisations expect their staff
to be able to communicate effectively in written English, as well as orally.
Therefore, during your studies you have the ideal opportunity to learn to
write English well, and this book can help you achieve that goal.
 


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سنة النشر : 2011م / 1432هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 2.3MB .
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